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Title: Predicting human exposure to air pollution in Scotland, using land regression and geographic information systems
Author: Henderson, Deborah E. J.
ISNI:       0000 0004 0123 3535
Awarding Body: The University of Strathclyde
Current Institution: University of Strathclyde
Date of Award: 2009
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The aims of the research presented in this thesis were to de develop a model to predict long-term human exposures to traffic-related air pollutants in Central Scotland and to assess whether the patterns of exposure were stable over time, using geographic information systems (GIS) and multiple regression methods. The main part of the project examined nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations in the Greater Glasgow region from 1998 to 2004. Regression models calculated for each year predicted 51 - 84% of variation in annual average NO2 concentrations using predictor variables nrprcsenting the emission, advection and dispersion of air pollution. The spatial patterns of air pollution did not change greatly from year to year, with a maximum of 13% of sites (n = 39) changing concentration quintile from one year to the next. The exposure estimates for 1999 were applied to a cohort in an epidemiological study, mvcstigating the effects of long-term exposure to air pollutants on respiratory function. The modelling techniques developed would be useful for local air quality management (LAQM), as they use readily available and relatively simple data and software.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available