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Title: Hydro-impact, fluid-structure interaction and structural response of modern racing yacht
Author: Lee, June
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2009
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In recent years, faster, lighter and bigger are the key issues in a modern racing yacht for extreme performance. As a result, many yachts have experienced various structural failures caused by the hydrodynamic impact or ’hydro-impact’ phenomenon by slamming. The structural failure by hydro-impact originates from the facts that the external hydro-impact load and fluid structure interaction effect is somewhat misled and when applying the load into current structural design, the ’dynamic’ load is typically, manipulated in a ’static’ way with fluid structure interaction effect, generally, ignored. In this thesis, the hydro-impact load by slamming, its fluid structure interaction effect and dynamic response of the local structure of the yacht are studied. Firstly, to acquire insight into the hydro-impact phenomenon, a series of drop tests and seakeeping-slamming tests are carried out with various sensing instruments of pressure transducers, accelerometer and ’slam patch system’ - a specific application form of generally known pressure panel - are installed. The slam patch system is designed and implemented to investigate the hydro-impact loads and fluid structure interaction effect of slamming. Afterward, the measured hydro-impact loads are summarised via statistical manipulations with regard to pressure and duration time. Secondly, impact pressure by the rules and regulations of various organisations are provided to compare it with the experimental results and structural response calculations. The applicability of the rules and regulations on the high performance racing yacht is also pointed out. Finally, the manipulated loads are used as input data to simulate the transient response of local structure of the yacht structure. Throughout this study, the dynamic and fluid structure interaction effect by hydroimpact phenomenon on local composite structure can be easily visualised and calculated in a conservative way through conventional finite element analysis work.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering