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Title: Evaluating competing models of party behaviour : a study of sex and candidate selection in France
Author: Murray, Rainbow Ruth Helen Jane
ISNI:       0000 0004 2670 4778
Awarding Body: Birkbeck (University of London)
Current Institution: Birkbeck (University of London)
Date of Award: 2008
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The thesis looks at the reluctance of French political parties to select more women candidates in legislative elections despite a legal obligation to do so (the 'parity' law). The introductory first chapter sets up the questions and approaches of the thesis. The second chapter reviews the literature on women in politics and on political parties, arguing that there are insufficient linkages between these works. The third chapter explores some initial hypotheses regarding sex and candidate selection, looking at supply and demand explanations and considering whether parties with a high degree of internal democracy will find it easier to implement a quota. The next three chapters explore three main theories of party organisation in turn. Chapter four evaluates the electoral competition approach and asks whether parties prefer men candidates because they are more likely to win. This argument is tested empirically through a longitudinal study of candidate performance over four elections. Chapter five examines the institutional approach and considers how France's political institutions frame the choices available to parties when selecting their candidates. It reveals how some parties have considerably more room for manoeuvre than others. Chapter six looks at party ideology to explain why some parties might be motivated by their ideology to implement the parity law. Using a rational choice approach, the model argues that parties will prioritise the different choices available to them according to their underlying needs and motivations, and this will affect the order in which choices are made.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available