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Title: The relationship between powers of evil and idols in 1 Corinthians 8:4-5 and 10:18-22 in the context of the Pauline Corpus and early Judaism
Author: Mody, Rohintan Keki
ISNI:       0000 0004 2674 4497
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2008
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This thesis seeks to further the scholarly debate about the relationship between powers of evil and idols in 1 Corinthians 8:4-5 and 10:18-22 by proposing the “co-optative view” in which evil powers can be seen as “co-opting” sacrifices intended for idols. In I Cor 8:4-5; 10:18-22 evil powers are personal supernatural evil beings.  The daimonia in 10:20f may possibly be classified under the rubric of the principalities and powers, the angels of the nations, and the spirits of the dead giants.  For Paul, idols are the lifeless and spiritually unreal cult images of the pagan gods and, in some cases, the non-existent pagan gods themselves. The relationship between daimonia and idols can be considered under the “co-optative view”, which has three interlocking aspects. First, the daimonia are powerful and enslave humanity into idolatry. By doing the will of the daimonia, idolaters serve them.  Secondly, the daimonia deceive humanity into sacrifices to idols. The daimonia inspire idolatry, and possibly change their forms in to the pagan gods. Thirdly, the daimonia stand or hide behind the idols, receive and co-opt the sacrifices consciously intended for the idols. The recognition and invocation of an idol brings the worshipper under the sphere of influence of daimonia because the daimonia divert the invocation or prayer intended for the idol.  Therefore, Paul’s views that daimonia are personal supernatural evil beings, the spiritual lifelessness of idols, and the relationship between daimonia and idols stands, are continuous with some views attested in early Judaism (as seen in Deut 32; I Enoch, Jubilees and Revelation).  Where Paul does redefine his heritage is in seeing the holy opponent of the daimonia and idols as being Christ “the Lord” and in exhorting the Church to express exclusive loyalty to Christ.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available