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Title: Use of comparative proteomics to study a novel osteogenic nanotopography
Author: Kantawong, Fahsai
ISNI:       0000 0004 2674 1288
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2009
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The principal aim of this thesis was to investigate the ability of surface topography in inducing bone cell differentiation for biomedical purposes. In orthopedic research, regeneration of bone defects can be performed in vitro using biomaterials. Third generation biomaterials aim not only to support tissue (first generation) and not only to be ‘bioactive’ (second generation), but to stimulate specific, known and desirable responses at the molecular level. Nanoscale topography offers a possible route to the development of third generation biomaterials. Two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D DIGE) is a new method for assessing protein expression strategies and here, a micro-grooved topography was used as a model for protocol optimization. The protocol was successfully developed and proved that 2D DIGE can be used as a powerful tool in the evaluation of biomaterial can direct cell behavior and cell fate. Next, the refined protocol was applied to the evaluation of the novel nanotopographic features; near-square nanopits (120 nm diameter, 100 nm depth with the pitch between the pits was set to an average of 300 nm with a ± 50 nm error). Protein expression profiles indicated that ERK1/2 might play part in cell proliferation and cell differentiation. However, to make a clear conclusion about molecular signalling, the study of sub-cellular proteome is needed in the future work. Additionally, the use of another comparative proteomic technique; dimethyl labelling, implicated the possibility of sub-population differentiation, i.e. the formation of multiple cell types that could be advantageous in tissue engineering of complex organs. Furthermore, the application of fluid-flow bioreactors was shown to enhance the growth rate and possibly increased differentiation of cells cultured on nanotopographical features.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QR Microbiology ; Q Science (General)