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Title: Community, autonomy and divinity : studying morality across cultures
Author: Martins Guerra, Valeschka
ISNI:       0000 0004 2669 8611
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2008
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Moral rules are an important aspect of culture. Yet, to date no published scale exists to measure the endorsement of different moral codes. This thesis report the development of the CADS (Community, Autonomy and Divinity Scale), based on Shweder's (2003a; Shweder et aI., 1987) anthropological theory of moral codes, as a means to measure cross-cultural, sub-cultural, and individual differences in the contents of morality. Scale development, confirmatory factor analysis, convergent and discriminant validity are reported in Studies 1, 2, and 3, as well as analysis for structural invariance and meaningful differences across British and Brazilian cultural contexts. Findings suggest the CADS to be a reliable and valid scale, thereby enabling the cross-cultural quantitative study of similarities and differences in endorsement of moral codes. Following CADS' development, this thesis presents one experiment (Study 4) investigating the relationship between moral judgement and emotional reactions, suggesting that emotions act as mediators of the relationship between perceptions of moral code violations and moral judgement. Finally, Study 5 studies the power of the moral codes to predict honour concerns, and Study 6 replicates these findings, and most importantly, tests the CADS in six different cultural communities (Brazil, Japan, New Zealand, Spain, the UK, and the US). The variation of the moral codes endorsement across cultures, here operationally defined as nations, genders, and religious groups, is also investigated. Limitations of this work, as well as its theoretical and empirical implications for research in social psychology are discussed.
Supervisor: Giner-Sorolla, Roger Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: BF Psychology