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Title: Mothers' other activities, employment, and mothering
Author: Daws, Anne Marie
ISNI:       0000 0004 2671 6349
Awarding Body: Institute of Education, University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2007
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The study investigates mothers' engagement in "other activities", namely: voluntary work, unpaid caring, club activities, further education, recreational classes, and flexibly-organised leisure activities. A community survey of 376 mothers of primary school children was carried out in two towns in Northern Ireland, followed by indepth, semi-structured interviews with a subset of 20 middle class mothers drawn from the survey population. Quantitative and qualitative analyses show how participation is shaped by mothers' reasons for engaging in activities, also by structural and subjective factors such as the social class of their households, their employment decisions, their family responsibilities, their feelings about income, and about partner support with childrearing and domestic life. A concept of an ethic of care for' self' and' other' is drawn upon to analyse the women's reasons for participating in activities, also for their employment decisions, and concepts of 'justice' and 'entitlement' are used to explore facilitators and constraints on participation. Concepts of 'achievement-oriented' and 'relationshiporiented' are developed and applied to their approaches to mothering, which are shown to blend concerns with children's achievement and emotional wellbeing. Linkages are explored between these approaches and the women's involvement in other activities and paid employment. The qualitative analysis draws attention to ambiguities and inter-connections between paid and unpaid wor~ mothering and other activities, and between 'self and 'other' concerns in these areas. In survey and interview analyses, spending higher hours in chosen activities is shown to go along with greater emphasis on an achievement-oriented approach to mothering, in which mothers aim for children's educational and occupational success and/or behavioural conformity, and lower hours in such activities with greater emphasis on a relationship-oriented approach, in which mothers focus on the quality of the mother-child relationship, and on the child's emotional wellbeing and capacity for sensitive responsiveness to others.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available