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Title: Investigating a dearomatising, thionium ion azaspirocyclisation
Author: Ovens, Caroline
ISNI:       0000 0004 2668 587X
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2009
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Electron rich N-benzyl glyoxamides bearing at least two ipso-directing groups can be converted into 2-[4.5]-azaspirocyclic cyclohexadienones upon treatment with a thiol, trifluoroacetic anhydride and BF₃-OEt₂, via a dearomatising, thionium ion azaspirocyclisation. A modest preference for the anti-diastereoisomer is commonly displayed. In certain cases, the anti-diastereoisomer is the only isomer formed. Notably the cyclisation is not accompanied by competing isoquinolone formation. The sulfanyl group that is introduced upon spirocyclisation can act as a synthetic handle and a stereocontrol element during manipulations of the framework. A range of oxidative and reductive transformations have been explored. In cases where the spirocyclic cationic intermediate is unstable intramolecular aryl transfer and iminium ion hydrolysis furnishes a-aryl acetamides. Selective C-alkylation and desulfurisation provides a means of accessing functionalised α-aryl acetamides.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available