Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: The Reformation in Lancashire to 1558
Author: Haigh, Christopher
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 1969
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
The Introduction states the problem, that in the reign of Elizabeth I Lancashire was the most Catholic county of England, and the thesis attempts to discover how this came to be so. Chapter One demonstrates the weakness of ecclesiastical administration in the north-west of England, and shows that the leaders of the Church could hope to exercise only a slight influence over the parishes of Lancashire. Chapter Two shows that the parishes were unusually large, so that although incumbents were therefore relatively well paid the weight of ecclesiastical duties fell upon poorly paid assistant clergy. The poverty of the county meant that the Church was inadequately endowed, and that there were too few priests to serve the needs of the community. Chapter Three discusses the background, education, and behaviour of the Lancashire clergy, and shows that poverty and few opportunities for promotion meant that qualified men left the county in great numbers, leaving only a rump of uneducated priests. Despite this, and the bad example set by the laity, the behaviour of the clergy was fairly good. Chapter Four shows that Lancashire Catholicism retained considerable vitality in the early sixteenth century, that traditional expressions of piety were still very popular, and that conventional religion was apparently becoming even more healthy as the economic state of the county began to improve. Chapter Five demonstrates that Lollard heresy and anticlerical sentiments were extremely rare in Lancashire, and gives reasons for this. Chapter Six discusses the Henrician attempt to enforce reform, and shows that the Cromwellian reformation met extensive resistance in Lancashire. Chapter Seven shows that in Lancashire the Pilgrimage of Grace was a direct result of the importance of the monasteries in local life and popular resentment at their suppression. Chapter Eight shows that the Edwardian reformation did not succeed in forcing a Protestant settlement on Lancashire, and that most steps in the reform programme excited popular disapproval. Chapter Nine gives the economic, political, and social reasons for the conservatism of Lancashire, and demonstrates that the county was backward in all aspects of its life. Chapter Ten analyses the new contacts which were developed between Lancashire and London and the universities, deals with the efforts of a small group of Lancashire-born academics to establish Protestantism in the county, and shows that these men were only able to influence their friends and relations. Chapter Eleven discusses the Marian attack on all traces of Protestantism in Lancashire, and shows that though there was no bitterness between the two religious groups, the new faith was disliked by the mass of the people. Chapter Twelve gives an account of the successful Marian attempt to revitalise the Church, and shows that by 1558 Catholicism was stronger than ever in Lancashire. The Conclusion suggests that the events of the first half of the century had created, in embryo, the parties which were to fight the Civil War in Lancashire.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available