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Title: The idea of the political artist in Chile under the dictatorship 1973-1990, with a comparative study of Eugenio Dittbom and Arturo Duclos
Author: Montalva, Maria Jose
ISNI:       0000 0004 2669 4370
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2008
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This dissertation is a study of the works of two important Chilean artists, Eugenio Dittborn (born in 1943) and Arturo Duclos (born in 1959), over the period fro~ their emergence in Chile around 1975 to that of their ascendance onto the world stage in the 1990s. These two artists remained in Chile during the dictatorship (1973-1990), working as part of the unofficial art movement ofpolitical artists formed during that period. Over the 1980s they became nationally and internationally known as political artists, even though they themselves have always resisted this classification. With the return to democracy in 1990, these previously unofficial artists came to be recognized as two of the major artists of the whole period. Dittborn received the National Prize for Visual Arts in 2005 and Duclos is a recurrent nominee for the same prize. This dissertation situates their artistic output in the historical and cultural context in which they worked, with a pa~icular focus on the manner in which they constructed political meanings in their work. It begins with an analysis of the p?litical and cultural events in Latin America that preceded the coup in Chile in 1973, which had a profound impact on the artistic community. It then traces the social background, training, and artistic development of the two artists, with a specific eye on the manner in which they positioned themselves in the harsh climate created by the dictatorship. The political content of their work is examined through case studies of their works, emphasizing their imagery and iconography, techniques, archival sources, and the manner in which they incorporate textual references. The influences of critics Ronald Kay and Nelly Richard on Dittborn's work are delineated, as are the more local historical contingencies which shape Duclos' work.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Not available Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available