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Title: Support-vector-machine based automatic performance modelling and optimisation for analogue and mixed-signal designs
Author: Ren, Xianqiang
ISNI:       0000 0001 3513 7953
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2008
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The growing popularity of analogue and mixed-signal (AMS) ASIC and SoC designs for communication applications has led to an increasing requirement for high efficiency performance modelling and optimisation methodologies in AMS synthesis systems. Recently, the support vector machine (SVM) method has been introduced into this challenging field. This research has studied the application of SVMs to AMS performance modelling in terms of the computational cost and prediction accuracy. A novel, general performance modelling methodology which could be applied to an arbitrary AMS system has been developed and integrated into an AMS performance optimisation system. The contributions of this research can be summarised as follows: firstly, a new performance modelling methodology based on automatic generation of knowledge databases for AMS performance modelling using SVM techniques has been developed. Two performance model construction methods have been implemented: a linearly graded method and a support vector regression method. They can provide a basis for efficient design space exploration. Both methods construct performance models for AMS designs in a fully automatic way. A simulator, a performance extractor and an SVM trainer have been developed and integrated into a practical demonstrator system. Secondly, a knowledge-based AMS performance optimisation system has been developed for system-level and circuit-level designs. Knowledge data bases created using the proposed methodology are reusable. This has been verified by the application of two optimisation methods, a dedicated genetic optimisation algorithm and the standard pattern search technique. Finally, the proposed performance model construction methodology and the underlying performance optimisation system have been validated using two complex case studies. The first example is a high-level model of a mixed-signal sigma-delta modulator which comprises most of the practical design nonlinearities and imperfections that are known to affect the performance. The proposed method is able to find designs with significantly superior key performance figures compared to those obtained by the standard sigma-delta modulator design procedure. The second example is a radio frequency (RF) range Colpitts filter for silicon implementations. The non-standard structure of this filter with a lossy spiral inductor makes this type of circuit difficult to handle by standard filter synthesis methods. The proposed performance optimisation method has found solutions which satisfy performance requirements in cases where a standard manual filter design procedure failed.
Supervisor: Kazmierski, Tomasz Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science