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Title: Cooperative diversity aided direct-sequence code-division multiple-access systems
Author: Fang, Wei
ISNI:       0000 0001 3457 0472
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2008
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In relay-assisted direct-sequence code-division multiple-access (DS-CDMA) systems, the distance between the relay and the destination receiver may be significantly shorter than that between the source transmitter and the destination receiver. Therefore, the transmission power of the relay may be significantly reduced in comparison to that of the source transmitter. In this thesis, we investigate the dependence of the achievable bit error ratio (BER) performance of DS-CDMA systems on the specific locations of the relays as well as on the power-sharing among the source transmitters and relays, when considering different propagation pathloss exponents. This thesis is focused on the class of repetition-based cooperation aided schemes, including both amplify-and-forward (AF) as well as decode-and-forward (DF) schemes, with an emphasis on lowcomplexity AF schemes. In our study, the signals received at the destination receiver from the source transmitters as well as from the relays are detected based on a range of diversity combining schemes having a relatively low-complexity. Specifically, the maximal ratio combining (MRC), the maximum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (MSINR) and the minimum mean-square error (MMSE) principles are considered. We propose a novel cooperation aided DS-CDMA uplink scheme, where all the source mobile terminals (MTs) share a common set of relays for the sake of achieving relay diversity. As shown in our study, this low-complexity AF-based cooperation strategy is readily applicable to the challenging scenario where each source MT requires the assistance of several separate relays in order to achieve relay diversity. Another novel cooperation scheme is proposed for the downlink of DS-CDMAsystems, where the downlink multiuser interference (MUI) is suppressed with the aid of transmitter preprocessing, while maintaining the relay diversity order facilitated by the specific number of relays employed, despite using simple matched-filter (MF) based receivers. The transmitter preprocessing schemes considered include both the zero-forcing (ZF) and the MMSE-assisted arrangements, which belong to the class of linear transmitter preprocessing schemes. Furthermore, these transmitter preprocessing schemes are operated under the assumption that the base station’s transmitter employs explicit knowledge about the spreading sequences assigned to the destination MTs, but requires no knowledge about the downlink channels. Our study demonstrates that the proposed relay-assisted DS-CDMA systems using transmitter preprocessing are capable of substantially mitigating the downlink MUI, despite using low-complexity MF receivers.
Supervisor: Yang, Lieliang ; Hanzo, Lajos Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science