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Title: The formation of taste ideologies in the Korean modern age 1920-1935
Author: Her, Byooon
ISNI:       0000 0001 3553 9418
Awarding Body: University of Portsmouth
Current Institution: University of Portsmouth
Date of Award: 2008
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This study originated from the issue of consumption taste, and has dealt with the ideologies that formed such taste rather than discussing specific individual taste. I tried to examine how the taste ideologies were formed in a place called Korea, and in the time called the modern age, and what characteristics were formed. This study has been advanced on the assumption that the background of current Korean taste can be verified by tracking the taste ideologies that were formed in the modem age. To achieve this I generally looked over most materials concerned with the subject, especially through perusing two magazines, published in 1923-26 and in 1930-34 and published in 1926-1934, I could embody the frame of culture in the modem age. Non-western modernity is usually condensed in a short period from the culture which had been naturalised in western society for a long time, and is essentially identical with western modernity, sharing the same contradictions of modernity. However, they are never completely the same because the process of transplantation is a kind of translation or appropriation. To understand the process of translation/appropriation, I will interpret the process of language translation in modern age in Chapter 2. The characteristics of translated language can be the framework to view the formation of modern taste ideologies. In Chapter 3, the adoption process of Western modernity was expanded from the linguistic dimension to the dimension of material culture. Above all, the change of general culture was examined. How things from city planning to transportation, consumption, leisure activities, entertainment, print media, and clothing went through the process of adoption, translation and became Korean modern culture, and how they influenced the formation of Korean modernity were examined in detail. The multilayer meanings and contexts that Korean modernity possesses arose from these scenes of the modern age. The meaning and characteristics of modern material culture that were revealed by the sceneries of the Korean modern age, and the characteristics of translation and translated-words, are gathered into one among the modern discourse. The most influential discourse among those that penetrated Korean modernity was that of modernisation=Westernisation. As West-centrism became internalised to Koreans through modernisation discourse, the West became mythified as a subject of adoration and aspiration. The subjects who produced discourse were the elites who had received modern education. The modern class structure of Korea was mainly reconstructed by the academic background rather than by capital or labour. Even though the number of the elite that received more than secondary school education was extremely small, they had the initiative in producing discourse. They accordingly had a big influence in forming social ideologies. Thus, the formation process of the elites became the key point in providing the characteristics of Korean modernity. The modern age provided the basic ideologies that formed the taste of today. Various characteristics of the Korean modem age established by re-translation/transformation/ imitation of the translated modernity of Japan with aspiration for Western modernity became the factors that established the taste ideologies. People in the modem age learned what to desire, even though they did not achieve its materiality. The modern/West existed far away as an ideological ideal, and the Japanese translation of such ideals existed nearer as a model. Most Koreans could not grasp modem material things due to their economic conditions, but because of that, their ungraspable desire became bigger, and their ideologies became simplified.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available