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Title: Electronic properties of defects in silicon and related materials
Author: Mitromara, Niki
ISNI:       0000 0001 3412 6873
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2008
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Efforts in the current semiconductor industry are focused on the production of smaller, more efficient and inexpensive devices of higher packing density. As silicon is the dominant semiconductor implemented for the fabrication of the majority of semiconductor devices, perpetual research has focused on the improvement of its properties and the realisation of the most efficient structures. This thesis presents the electrical characterisation of two different diode structures that are important for the present and future generations of electronic devices. The first part of the thesis is focused on the electrical characterisation of Ultra-Shallow Junction (USJs) Si diodes. Both p+n and n+p USJ structures that contained different implants were examined. These were very highly doped and intended to simulate the situation where a doping well is formed after heavy doping in Si for the fabrication of transistors currently used in Complementary-Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (CMOS) technology. The implanted USJ diodes were provided by NXP, Belgium and contact deposition was performed before their electrical characterisation as part of this project. Subsequently the p+n and n+p USJ diodes were characterised by the use of Capacitance-Voltage (CV), Current-Voltage (IV), Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (DLTS) and high resolution Laplace DLTS (LDLTS). DLTS and LDLTS are very powerful spectroscopic techniques for the profiling of defects in the bandgap of a semiconductor as well as for the identification of the electrical signatures of these defects. Transient-Enhanced Diffusion (TED) related defects were detected in these diodes as the presence of mainly carbon-related interstitial complexes was observed. In addition, certain vacancy or vacancy-dopant related levels were also discerned. The second part of this thesis presents the electrical characterisation from Schottky p-diamond/p-Si and p-diamond/n-Si p-n diodes. These diodes were readily provided, grown by the Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) technique, for the electrical characterisation that was performed as part of this project. The purpose of characterising both Schottky and p-n diamond on Si diodes was to detect defects near the surface of the films and near the interface with Si and hence provide a comparison between defects present at the beginning and end of growth. More defects were found near the interface with Si and the majority of observed defects were related to extended defects while the presence of grain boundaries in polycrystalline diamond was discussed.
Supervisor: Evans-Freeman, Jan ; Vernon-Parry, Karen Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available