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Title: A linguistic analysis of borrowing from English into modern Arabic
Author: Al Jawadi, K. H.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3406 4406
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 1972
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The phenomenon of the influence of one language upon another is closely related to that of the influence of a culture upon another. Cultures are always travelling from place to place carrying with them linguistic elements to other peoples and influencing their lives as well as their languages in various degrees. When the British and the Americans came to the Middle Eastern Arab countries as missionaries and military invaders, they brought the English language with them, and its standing in the Arab world improved considerably with the development of commercial and educational relations with Britain and America. Consequently, a process of borrowing from English into Arabic started. It was encouraged by various factors, namely insufficient knowledge of their own language among Arabic speakers, the absence of a competent body of qualified scholars to deal with the problem of establishing e4ýivalentsj the lack of Arabic equivalents and the ignorance of such equivalents when they exist,. attraction of the English expression or image, love for the new and the strange, and a sense of inferiority. These factors were later augmented by the emergence of the mass-information media, which encouraged, and in certain cases relied on translation, mainly from English and employed translators whose Arabic and English were not idiomatic. On the other and there were factors that reduced borrowing, such as the religious and nationalist spirit which saw in borrowing a threat to the purity and continued vitality of the language, lack of emotional attachment to English, the phonological and morphological differences between the two languages, and the differences in the cultural backgrounds of the two nations which influence their modes of expression.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available