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Title: An Engineering Design Approach to the Energy and Environmental Management of New Buildings
Author: Spanos, Ioannis
ISNI:       0000 0001 3473 5513
Awarding Body: Coventry University
Current Institution: Coventry University
Date of Award: 2007
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Energy in buildings is recognised as a major environmental and financial issue. Scientists have recognised that in near future the energy produced from fossil fuels may not be sufficient to fulfil the man's energy needs and that continuous resources exploitation at current rates will be harmful to the stability of earth's climate. Carbon dioxide, which is released during the combustion of conventional fuels, traps heat within earth's atmosphere and as a result the global temperature is expected to rise at levels above any experienced before by our civilisation. In order for the carbon dioxide emissions, which are released to the atmosphere by human activities within buildings, to be stabilised and reduced, all new buildings should be designed towards net operational zero emissions. More than forty percent of the energy consumed in UK is within buildings. By exploring all the options for the provision of low carbon energy and the efficient use of energy this thesis provides a background in technologies and examines their value to a building. Low and zero carbon technologies are qualitatively and quantitatively assessed especially for new buildings. For all the technologies examined, technical aspects of their design are appraised and their financial viability in the current business environment is examined. Procedures for the optimisation of design are proposed based on the research conclusions. A new assessment tool CARB-FM, i.e. Carbon Abatement Relative Balance Financial Method, has been developed, and tested on a number of cases. CARBFM is a multifaceted tool which considers the technology, the financial cost and the environmental impact. CARB-FM can be used as a decision making tool for any kind of project which assesses the environmental credits of technologies by energy saving of primary energy resources. Future bUilding design must encapsulate the life time energy requirements, and planners, engineers and architects can apply CARB-FM to provide a low-carbon design solution in which the most cost efficient energy saving measures will have been i.ntroduced by engineering design during early stages of the design process.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available