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Title: In search of fairness for developing countries in the multilateral trading system of GATT/WTO.
Author: Zhang, Y.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3577 3933
Awarding Body: Queens University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2008
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This Thesis has been dedicated to examining the search of 'Fairness' for developing countries within the multilateral trade system of GATIIWTO, accentuating a central inquest into the institutional role played by the GATI/WTO in facilitating the attainment of such an objective. Developing countries, despite being a group of homogeneous interests, are treated as a whole, vis-a-vis the positions of the industrialised countries in participating into the multilateral trading system ofGATIIWTO. 'Fairness' for developing countries in the context ofGATIIWTO bears the specific meaning of providing them with 'equitable' treatment in the distribution of benefits, as compared with those accorded to industrial countries. It is the main point of this thesis to argue that developing countries, in light of their urgent needs for development but relatively weaker power in participating into the GATT/WTO, are entitled to purposeful arrangements to help them obtain an equitable share of the benefits within the multilateral trading system of GATT/WTO. In following the efforts and progresses made by developing countries during this process, a dilemma facing the pursuits of the 'fairness' treatment of developing countries was exposed, as the institutional legal power of the GATI/WTO appears to be flawed and constrained in overseeing the faithful conversion of the achieved principles and commitments into action. The reasons rest with dominance ofthe political and pragmatic forces over the multilateral trading system of GATI/WTO and that industrial countries lack the commitments to honour this normative objective. Such a finding will provide the ultimate understanding based on which developing countries will continue to pursue their 'fairness' interests in the multilateral trading system of the WTO.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available