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Title: Neutron Scattering Studies of Correlated Electron Systems
Author: Helme, Lucy
ISNI:       0000 0001 3552 4080
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2006
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This thesis presents neutron scattering studies of three correlated electron systems, each of which exhibit different competing interactions. These include charge order, magnetic order and lattice degrees of freedom. The main focus is on magnetic excitations within the systems. In all cases the experimental data have been analysed through comparison with theoretical models. Chapter 3 presents an investigation into the Jahn-Teller effect in the rare earth oxide Pr02, through inelastic neutron scattering studies of the crystal field transitions above and below a static structural distortion temperature. The data are compared with a point-charge model of the crystal field levels. \Ve conclude that the observed temperature evolution of the crystal field levels originates from the structural distortion due to the Jahn-Teller effect. Chapter 4 describes studies of magnetic excitations in the layered charge-ordered transition-metal oxide La1.5Sro.5Co04 through inelastic neutron scattering studies, and subsequent comparison with spin-wave dispersion models. It was found that the spin-wave excitations were decoupled from the charge order. Inclusion of the strong crystal anisotropy was necessary in order to successfully describe the data. Chapters 5 and 6 present studies of the magnetically ordered phase of Nax Co02 with x rv 0.75, a metallic layered transition-metal oxide. Chapter 5 describes investigations into the magnetic excitations in the compound, which were successfully modelled by linear spin-wave theory, including terms for the anisotropy. The excitations were found to be highly three dimensional despite the layered nature of the crystal structure. Chapter 6 presents a diffraction study of a spin-flop transition in an applied magnetic field, which confirmed the magnetic order. The transition field was found to be in excellent agreement with the exchange and anisotropy parameters extracted in chapter 5.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available