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Title: Studies towards the total synthesis of tetrodecamycin
Author: He, Jing
ISNI:       0000 0001 3550 1655
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2007
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Tetrodecamycin (1) is a novel α-(γ-hydroxyacyl) tetronic acid based polyketide antibiotic isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces nashvillensis MJ885-mF8 by Takeuchi et al. in 1994. Compound 1 shows potent inhibitory activity against Gram-positive bacteria including Bacillus anthracis and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It was proposed that an Aldol reaction of trans-decalin core 2 and tetronic acid derivative 3 followed by a face selective epoxidation and a subsequent epoxide-opening reaction would deliver the 6,6,7,5-skeleton of tetrodecamycm (1). To investigate this proposal, the silyl enol ether 5 was prepared from cycloheptene 4 in 7 steps. An unusual domino silyl enol ether reaction sequence was observed when the silyl enol ether 5 was submitted to a Diels-Alder reaction. It afforded cycloadduct 6, which was converted to the key intermediate 2 after another 3 steps (Scheme 1). Concurrently, double functionalisation of simple cyclic silyl enol ethers was investigated. Because of some difficulties in reproducing good overall yields to the cycloadduct 6, a second synthetic route was proposed. It was envisaged that a palladium-catalysed oxidative cyclisation or an organoselenium-mediated cyclisation reaction of compound 8 would construct the 6,6,7,5- skeleton 7, which would be converted to tetrodecamycin (1) via dihydroxylation followed by an introduction of the exo-methylene group. The intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction of trienal 11 afforded trans-decalin 10, which was converted to β-keto ester 9 in 2 steps. A Dieckmann-type cyclisation of 9 afforded compound 8 in good yield. However, so far transformation to compound 7 has not been achieved (Scheme 2).
Supervisor: Baldwin, Jack E. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Antibiotics ; Synthesis ; Gram-positive bacteria