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Title: Point-to-point and passive optical network quantum key distribution systems
Author: Collins, Robert John
ISNI:       0000 0001 3560 7628
Awarding Body: Heriot-Watt University
Current Institution: Heriot-Watt University
Date of Award: 2008
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The emergence of a digital communications infrastructure over recent decades has fuelled the parallel development of advanced cryptographic techniques, to secure the ever increasing quantities of digital infonnation. From its foundation, quantum key distribution has generated significant theoretical and experimental research interest since it offers what ./ is currently the only method of verifiably secure cryptographic key distribution. By using the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, quantum key distribution offers a technique by which authorised parties can detect the potential presence of an eavesdropping unauthorised party and take appropriate action. Previous demonstrations of quantum key distribution have typically concentrated on extending the maximum transmission distance over which communication may be performed at the expense of bit-rates. This thesis investigates a quantum key distribution system operating at a wavelength of 850 nm in standard telecommunications fibre using commercially available silicon single-photon avalanche diodes to achieve clock rates in excess of 1 GHz, with a corresponding increase in received bit-rates. The principles of currently implemented passive optical networks are then applied to the system to demonstrate multi-user quantum key distribution systems. In addition, the point-to-point (single-user) system is demonstrated at a clock-rate of 3.3 GHz using low timing jitter niobium nitride nanowire superconducting detectors to demonstrate the highest clock-rate transmission in standard telecommunications optical fibre and the highest channel loss to date. Finally, single-photon sources based on quantum dot microcavity resonators are also examined for use in quantum key distribution.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available