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Title: The Development of Urbanism and Pastoral Nomads in the Southern Levant -Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Stone Tool Production Industries and Flint Mines in the Jafr Basin, Southern Jordan-
Author: Abe, Masashi
ISNI:       0000 0001 3390 6982
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2008
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'The development of urbanism' has been one of the most important topics since V. G Childe's seminal works. This paper will discuss the impact of the development of urbanism III the Southern Levant on pastoral nomads using archaeological data from the Jafr Basin, Southern Jordan. The Jafr Basin is one of the best flint sources in the Southern Levant and yields high quality Eocene flint. In the Early Bronze Age when a number of fortified urban settlements appeared in the Southern Levant, pastoral nomads in the Jafr Basin started intensive flint mining and stone tool production of tabular scrapers. Tabular scrapers were distributed from the basin in large quantities to urban settlements and farming villages. Pastoral nomads in the Negev and Sinai also started utilizing desert resources for urban settelements. It is likely that in the Early Bronze Age the arid areas were economically integrated with the moister zones to a greater degree than before. The development of urbanism had the effect of making pastoral nomads more to\\l1 and market-oriented. In the Early Bronze Age, a variety of desert products were distributed to sedentary settlements by pastoral nomads. Meanwhile, Early Bronze Age pastoral nomads probably became more dependent for living necessities and luxuries such as cereals, foods, vegetables and clothes on markets in urban communities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available