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Title: Dynamic analysis of the National Innovation Systems model - a case study of Taiwan's integrated circuit industry
Author: Lee, Yen Ling
ISNI:       0000 0001 3607 531X
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2002
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This is claimed to be an era of knowledge-based economies; the knowledge developed in National Innovation Systems (NISs) is widely thought to have become crucial to science and technology development in leading economies. Most scholars admit the NIS is a complex, dynamic and non-linear system. In order to enhance understanding of the structure and process of the NIS as well as the level and the rate of flows within an NIS, a system dynamics approach and computer simulations are applied in this research. This research will therefore centre on an attempt to develop a mathematical model of the national innovation system of Taiwan, particularly with regard to its Integrated Circuit (IC) industry. Various definitions and models of an NIS have been proposed from different points of view (e.g. Freeman, 1987; Lundvall, 1992; Nelson, 1993; Patel and Pavitt, 1994; Metcalfe, 1995; Smith, 1996; OECD, 1997; Gregersen et al., 1997; Vanichseni, 1998). The approach taken here is additionally based on the viewpoint of System Dynamics to describe its complex status. Therefore, the main aim of this research is to combine related theories/practices of innovation systems and system dynamics in order to understand both the dynamic relations and the innovative performance among the structural elements (actors) of Taiwan's IC industry. One objective is to increase our insight into the dynamics of national systems of innovation by means of computer modelling and formulating research questions for future research. Another objective is to create scenarios to verify the behaviour of the institutions under investigation by simulation, and to assess possible outcomes in those varying scenarios. By means of questionnaire/in-depth interviews and SD model simulation, as cross-comparisons between them, the thesis aims to increase our insight into the dynamic processes of the Taiwanese IC industry's systems of innovation and our understanding of the interdependence and interaction among the capital flow, human resource flow, knowledge & technology flow and product flow in the NIS. In addition, a comparison of innovation commercialization in Taiwan's IC industry under the different policy tests and scenario tests is undertaken. These simulations show that single policies are relatively ineffective and that innovation performance requires combining a range of policies and capabilities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available