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Title: Aspects of the social and political thought of the Ottoman military, 1908-1914
Author: Nezir, Handan
ISNI:       0000 0001 3444 875X
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2001
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This study aims to explore the political and social outlook of the Ottoman military in the six years between the constitutional revolution of 1908 and the Ottoman Empire's entry into the First World War, events in both of which the army's role was decisive. An introductory chapter surveys the modernisation of the Ottoman army over nearly a century to 1876. Chapter I focuses on the emergence, after 1876, of two different generations of educated officers with two distinctive approaches to politics and the army's role in society. Chapter II examines the differing roles of these two groups in the events prior to the Revolution and in the making of the revolution. Chapter III focuses upon military publications of the period 1908-1912, and in particular, examines the importance of Japan in the Ottoman army's eyes at the time and how Japanese modernisation and militarisation were presented as a role model. Chapter IV examines the dominant role of the younger patriotic generation in the politics of the country in the years immediately after the Revolution. Chapter V focuses on military reform after the Revolution. Chapter VI examines the effects of the Balkan defeats of 1912-1913 on the political outlook and practice of the officer corps. Chapter VII examines the army's attempts to promote militarism in society at large during the months immediately prior to the outbreak of the First World War. A concluding chapter assesses some of the broader social and ideological implications of the army's assumption of a leading role in domestic politics.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Center for Research Libraries
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available