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Title: Options for renewable hydrogen supply to urban centres : a modelling approach
Author: Parissis, Olga-Stamatina
ISNI:       0000 0001 3477 0685
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2008
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Transportation is likely to be the greatest source of noise and local air pollution in urban centres and one of the major contributors to carbon dioxid,e emissions, which is the predominant greenhouse gas. A promising option for the decarbonisation ofthis sector, and for reducing local pollution, is the use of hydrogen as a transport fuel. In order to introduce hydrogen fuel in the transport sector the development of an infrastructure is an essential prerequisite. However, the design of a hydrogen delivery system is a complex venture that includes considerable uncertainties and numerous parameters that have to be considered in order to achieve its implementation. This thesis examines the potential of supplying hydrogen fuel produced exclusively from renewable energy resources to urban centres. The issue of the least-cost hydrogen infrastructure design is addressed by developing an original model able to assess the performance of different hydrogen pathways in terms of both economic and technical criteria while taking into account the evolution of the infrastructure over time, meeting increasing demand, and the renewaple resource potential of the geographical region under study in order to perform resource optimisation. The model is designed by means of mixed integer linear programming and developed in MATLAB®. It is built in such a way so as to provide a generic framework for modelling several hydrogen fuel chains for establishing a hydrogen infrastructure that could be readily extended to different infrastructure patterns and geographical areas. The model is applied to the case of London examining the potential for delivering hydrogen fuel to such a large urban centre. The case study investigates the possibilities of developing a renewable hydrogen infrastructure able to deliver sufficient hydrogen in order to cover London's road transport fuel demand within a 50-year time horizon. The results include the description of a cost-effective infrastructure development scenario along with its corresponding overall cost. The case study illustrates that the hydrogen infrastructure development modelling approach developed in this study assists the identification of least-cost renewable hydrogen supply chain options.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available