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Title: In pursuit of enjoyment : understanding and enhancing positive emotion in youth sport
Author: McCarthy, Paul J.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3622 9294
Awarding Body: Staffordshire University
Current Institution: Staffordshire University
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis had three objectives: 1) to examine the developmental progression in sources of enjoyment and nonenjoyment among youth sport performers, 2) to determine youth sport performers' understanding of psychological skills and their relationship with sport enjoyment and 3) to use cognitive-behavioural interventions to enhance positive affect among youth sport performers. Youth sport performers reported a developmental progression in sources of enjoyment and nonenjoyment. Older athletes reported greater other-referenced competency and recognition (i.e. showing ability to others) reflecting greater opportunities and value in demonstrating superiority through competition. Boys regarded social recognition of competency as a more important source of enjoyment than girls, reflecting the cultural influence viewing sport as integrally connected to male identity and meanings of masculinity. Compared with individual sport participants, participants involved in team sports reported significantly greater sport enjoyment, self-referenced competency, competitive excitement, affiliation with peers and positive parental involvement. Younger sport performers reported a lower level knowledge of the basic psychological skills compared with older sport performers. Sport enjoyment was associated with four of the basic psychological skills and using regression analysis, sport enjoyment was predicted by goal-setting in practice and imagery in competition. Finally, using cognitive-behavioural interventions based on developmental motivational theories with an emotion component, youth athletes reported increases in positive affective responses.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available