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Title: Synthesis of Nagstatin and its Analogues
Author: Abdulmalek, Emilia
ISNI:       0000 0001 3390 6392
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2007
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Nagstatin is a naturally occurring carbohydrate mimic with glycosidase inhibiting properties. It was isolated from the fermentation broth of Streptomyces amakuensis and was shown to be specific inhibitor of N-acetyl-~-D-glucosaminidase.1 The aims of the described study were to establish an efficient and versatile approach towards the synthesis of nagstatin that would be applicable for a rapid synthesis ofa library of nagstatin analogues. In the initial approach, a key lactam intermediate was generated via ring-closing metathesis of an amide, which was derived from both enantiomers of methionine. An Nisoxazolylmethyl group served the dual purpose of protecting group and as a direct precursor of the imidazole unit. Unfortunately, suitable conditions for the transformation of the resulting ~-ketonitrile into the desired fused piperidine-imidazole were not found. In the next approach, a protected, optically active, vinylglycinol derivative was prepared in 6 steps from L-methionine via sulfi1imine elimination and converted into an unsaturated lactam intermediate via ring-closing metathesis. Elaboration into the fullyfunctionalized lactam ofnagstatin was envisaged but not performed. A gluco-analogue of the fully-functionalized lactam was later synthesized in 6 steps from sorbyl alcohol via tethered aminohydroxylation, cross metathesis, dihydroxylation and base-induced cyclization. Finally, a key unsaturated lactam intermediate was accessed via Pd-catalyzed decarboxylative carbonylation of 5-vinyloxazolidinone at low pressure on N-tosyl protection. Directed epoxidation attempted on a homoallylic alcohol with mCPBA later resulted in the almost exclusive formation of the trans-epoxy alcohol. Directed dihydroxylation attempted on the resulting allylic alcohol failed and the diol was recovered as a lactone on hydrolysis or thiolysis ofthe osmate ester.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available