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Title: Intergroup contact and the projection of positivity
Author: Stathi , Sofia
ISNI:       0000 0001 3478 2440
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis examines the role of projected positive attributes in explaining the effectiveness of intergroup contact at reducing prejudice. The theoretipl framework derives principally from research on the Contact Hypothesis (Allport, 1954), which argues that \vhen contact between members of different groups takes place under certain optimal conditions it can reduce intergroup bias. Positive contact can lead to the fonnation of an inclusive superordinate identity shared between members of distinct groups, which then allows outgroup members to move psychologically closer to the self and benefit from the same processes that lead to the favourable impression fonned of ingroup members (Gaertner.& Dovidio, 2000). Based on an integration with contact theory and recent research on the projection of self attributes to the ingroup, Self-anchoring theory (Cadinu & Rothbart, 1996) and Social Projection Theory (Clement & Krueger, 2002; Robbins, & Krueger, 2005), I argue that when the boundaries between the ingroup and outgroup are weakened via positive contact, outgroup members can also benefit from projected self positivity. This theoretical model was tested using both cross-sectional and experimental designs in eight studies. Using different populations in two different countries, Mexico and England, the studies in Chapter 3 demonstrate that contact leads to improved outgroup evaluation via the projection of positive traits. The conditions that enhance, or inhibit, projection are investigated in Chapters 4 and 5. In these studies imagined contact, self-priming, and ingroup identification all exerted a moderating impact on the projection of positivity to outgroups. I conclude that the projection of positivity to outgroups has a key role to play in helping us to understand whether, when and how intergroup contact can reduce intergroup bias.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available