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Title: Anglo-American relations with South Asia under the Kennedy and Macmillan goverments.
Author: McGarr, Paul Michael
ISNI:       0000 0001 3624 1242
Awarding Body: Royal Holloway, University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 2008
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This thesis takes as its subject Anglo-American relations with South Asia during a seminal period in the subcontinent's post-independence history. In 1961, John F. Kennedy's Democratic administration entered the White House convinced that the People's Republic of China (PRC) harboured expansionist ambitions, which if unchecked, threatened the imposition of a Communist system on post-imperial Asia. Identifying non-aligned India with its vast population, untapped economic potential, and commitment to democracy as a credible alternative to regional Communism, Kennedy's administration resolved (to the chagrin of its Pakistani ally and a hostile US Congress) to bolster India politically, financially, and militarily. In courting India, Kennedy elected to collaborate closely with a British Conservative Government led by Harold Macmillan that both shared much of its strategic vision for the subcontinent, and retained strong post-colonial diplomatic, martial, and pecuniary links with India and Pakistan. Several scholars, principally from the United States, have addressed aspects of the American relationship with India and Pakistan during the Kennedy and Macmillan years. This thesis breaks new ground in its detailed analysis of the comprehensive partnership that characterized Anglo-American interaction with South Asia between 1961 and 1963. The study draws extensively on newly released government documents available at The United Kingdom National Archive (TNA) in conjunction with additional primary material from British and North American sources. The thesis is structured around seven chapters addressing, inter alia, the nature of Anglo-American relations with South Asia in 1961, India's invasion of Goa, Western efforts to counter the Indo-Soviet MIG deal, the SinoIndian border conflict of 1962, the search for a settlement to the Kashmir dispute, and the conflicting Anglo-American perspectives on an appropriate price for under-writing India's security, particularly in relation to air defence. The central thrust of the thesis is that, faced with divergent Anglo-American regional priorities, the Kennedy administration's decision to work with the British in South Asia frequently delayed, diluted, and frustrated the implementation of United States policy.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available