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Title: The Informal Political Organization of Albanians and Macedonians in Republic of Macedonia.
Author: Janev, Goran
ISNI:       0000 0001 1873 7869
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis explores the Macedonian conflict in 2001 from the perspective of everyday life. In the late winter radical nationalist militants National Liberation Army started a limited warfare against the government forces of Republic ofMacedonia. The NLA started fighting in the name of the Albanian minority and posed a serious security threat and polarised the Macedonian society on bases of ethnicity. The conflict in 2001 failed to produce ethnic war. Many factors contributed towards preventing the outbreak of civil war. Most important of all was the existence of the native model ofmulticulturalism. This model of multicultural accommodation is unexplored and this thesis is built around it. Various sources of evidence are brought together to explain it and to explain the ethnopolitical setting. The notion of reflexivity is central topic of discussion, or a key to understanding this multicultural model. First, reflexivity is investigated from the perspective of anthropological methodology and theory and second, reflexivity is explored in the everyday practice. In both guises reflexivity is taken to mean awareness ofthe potential power relations and as strife to balance, or cancel them. Reflexivity should be applied beyond the awareness and acknowledgement offieldworkers' presence in the field and anthropologists' has far greater impact in the field, to the extent that the anthropologist is the field. In the Macedonian setting of great ethnic mixture reflexivity is practiced in the everyday life as a guiding principle of balancing power relations that are based on the concept of mutual respect on individual level. The informal political organization of both l\1ac~donians and Albanians, expressed in the idiom ofkinship, that I set to explore before the violence erupted in the middle ofmy fieldwork, is very strong and competes with the bureaucratic mechanisms ofthe state and also minimised the efforts for ethnopolitical mobilisation. The multicultural practices based on respect and the strong informal political organization prevailed over the politics applied in its most radical form.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available