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Title: What is the use of policy analysis? : plurality and context in perspectives on strategic intelligence in Japan
Author: Yoshizawa, Go
ISNI:       0000 0001 3575 5073
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2008
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Strategic intelligence (Sl)' is a general term referring to the product of a variety of forms of poHcy analysis used in the governance of science and technology. Three particular types of methodology are used to produce SI, namely R&D evaluation, technology foresight and technology assessment. Yet these activities overlap and inter-relate, with implementation often ad hoc and contingent. Questions arise both over explaining and prescribing roles for different actors, knowledges and procedures in different stages and contexts. An initial aim is therefore to establish a less ambiguous and inconsistent framework for the study of SI - one which is more grounded in the institutional and procedural realities. For this purpose, a series of policy functions are distinguished in the detailed survey of academic and policy literature; comprising both investigator-initiated studies and user-initiated studies. This analytical framework is then applied to empirical case studies of major Japanese government initiatives in the use of Sl in the development of nuclear and photovoltaic technologies. A novel combination of conventional semi-structured interviews with a quantitative method for 'mapping discourses' called Q methodology elicits the distinguishing characteristics of different perspectives on the use of 51. A further cross-case comparison examines the extent to which the partitioning and relative positioning of perspectives is sensitive to the policy contexts in the case study areas, and the extent to which the character of divergent perspectives varies different contexts. In conclusion, the function-based framework for the analysis of SI may help to explain and frame the role of policy studies in this area potentially to facilitate more complete, complementary and institutionally-sensitive design of policy analysis. The variety of fine-tuned functions for 51 may enable policymakers and policy analysts more precisely and explicitly to communicate the aims and roles of policy analysis and thereby improve public accountability.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available