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Title: Ecology and Behaviour of Urban Stone Martens (Martesfoina) in Luxembourg
Author: Herr, Jan
ISNI:       0000 0001 3555 0553
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2008
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The stone marten (MarIes foina) is common throughout continental Europe where it often occurs in urban environments. Conflicts between humans and martens arise when the animals den under the roofs of inhabited buildings or damage car engine components. The aims ofmy study were (a) to provide a general description of the ecology and behaviour ofurban stone martens and (b) to formulate management recommendations based on these data. I radio tracked 13 stone martens in two toWIis in southern Luxembourg. Individuals were followed at night to provide information about ranging and territorial behaviour, and fixes were taken during the day to provide information about den sites. I also radio tracked five translocated martens in order to assess the usefulness oftranslocation as a management tool. .The socio-spatial organisation of urban martens was based on clear intrasexual territoriality. Territories were generally smaller than those previously recorded in rural areas and activities were almost entirely restricted to urban habitat. Urban martens were completely nocturnal ,and their activity rhythms were adapted to achieve temporal avoidance ofhumans and traffic. Martens deIUled almost exclusively in buildings. Most deIUling was in uninhabited buildings during summer, autUfIU1 and spring but there was a marked shift towards inhabited buildings in winter. There was also a clear seasonal pattern in martens' use of roads and cars. This, together with observations of scent marking ofcars, suggests that car damage is linked to the species' territorial behaviour. I review possible explanations for my results and conclude that in most respects martens are typical 'urban adapters'. I suggest various recommendations for human-marten conflict management in light of-my findings
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available