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Title: Industrial R&D subsidy programme : a policy perspective of the national innovation system of Turkey
Author: Gok, Asligul
ISNI:       0000 0001 3501 6975
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2008
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This study investigates the Industrial Research and Subsidy Programme in Turkey (IRDS). The IRDS Programme was implemented by the Scientific and Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) to ncrease the industrial R&D capabilities of finns and to strengthen features of national innovation system. The iRDS; as a technology policy tool, is discussed from the perspectives of innovation and industrial development using three theoretical strands: technological learning (as the perspective of late achiever finns in developing countries), technology policies and the systems of innovation approach. A system perspective emphasising sectoral and regional differences of innovativeness at the programme level and the linkages with other actors for knowledge sourcing is explored in the empirical analysis. Interactions of finns with the university system, which play a central role in the IRDS programme, are explored from this perspective. Programme goals, project approval process and use of subsidies for systemic enhancement are investigated to gain insight if programme tools and implementation positively or negatively interferes with systemic features. The discussion of which is fonnulated into a set of research questions, presented in the introduction chapter and this guides the discussions throughout the thesis including the fonnulation of methodology and presentation of evidence. Programme wide data is used to construct a number of indicators on which group differences are tested to see if scale of innovativeness built on finn size and technological· characteristics (TIFT) do exist. Sectoral features at sub programme level is reflected through the construction of TIFI categories and statistical grouping of indicators developed to explore 'interactions at the project and finn level, Sampling is conducted to gather further information on interactions for knowledge sourcing subsidised by the programme. Four set of indicators are derived to test if theoretical discussions hold for this case. These indicators are constructed for programme finns from budget, employment, interactions and review statistics. Effort in identifying innovation by project, even at the scale of diffusion, have failed to yield a comparison of success and failure in completion. Thus research has cooncentrated on absorptive capability, interactions and regionality.Findings of the study indicate that a scale of innovativeness by finn size and technology does exist in the programme but was not fonnally addressed through 'policy goals and tools to accommodate or built on these differences. Thus a broad-based or 'horizontal' R&D subsidy programme, even with a system of 'preferences' designed to encourage specific activities, is shown to have limitations. Among the interactions envisaged by programme methodology,' university-industry collaboration ;las a positive impact upon other linkages, as complimentary and infonnal foreign linkages with foreign actors are observed to be the most favourable.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available