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Title: The institution of parliament and democratisation process in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Author: Pedram, Ali Mohammad
ISNI:       0000 0001 3482 1307
Awarding Body: Durham University
Current Institution: Durham University
Date of Award: 2008
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The quest for democracy in various societies has occupied modern political thinking. At the same time, the desire for democracy in developing countries has become a -, compelling issue. Iran is no exception. Many argue against this hypothesis by refening to the strong presence of Islam in Iranian society, and build their theory upon the intrinsic inconsistency between Islam and democracy. The present research attempts to challenge this assumption and examine the case of the Islamic Republic 9f Iran in pursuing democracy and its implementation: democratisation process. The inevitability of modernity as both notion and motion has made democracy the least bad way of governance. The reality of the nation-state which is politically a modern concept has incorporated functions and expectations that make democracy, not merely one option any more, but the most feasible way of governing a nation-state efficiently. The Western-liberal model of democracy is not the sole criterion for perceiving good governance. Nevertheless, non-Western attempts to reform, mainly in the Muslim societies, must not be seen as pre-determined to fail simply because reform or democracy is not indigenous. The formation of the Islamic Republic in 1979 and also the reform movement of 1997 showed a discursive development within Iranian society. Iran's troubled encounter with modernity brought about different narratives and consequences. The emergence of the liberal discourse of modernity as the first result of such an encounter failed to accommodate Iranian society and modernity and ended with a modernist but authoritative discourse. The consistent failure of secular discourse to deliver an acceptable form of modernity caused a backlash and led to the prevalence of authentic discourse ~nd profound criticism of modernity. The triumph of Islamic discourse and the installation of the concept of wilayat al-faqih theorised under Shi'ism ought to be seen as the final phase of Iran's encounter with modernity. The present experience of having a modern state with elected-although weak-government and parliament with religious (authentic) character provides the necessary ground for understanding, further practice and improvement. The analysis of the Islamic Republic's Sixth Majlis helps in establishing this hypothesis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: JISC Digital Islam
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available