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Title: Warfare and violence in the Iron Age of Southern France.
Author: McCartney, Margaret
ISNI:       0000 0001 3622 969X
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2007
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The Iron Age of southern France remains relatively unknown in the English-speaking archaeological world. The bes~-known aspects of the archaeological material suggest a society in which warfare was a recurrent theme. Major fortified centres, such as Entremont and Sa~nt-Blaise, and the tradition of 'warrior statues' from' Entremont and Roquepertuse, suggest that conflict was a recurrent preoccupation. Literary sources, particularly Poseidonius, have described the indigenous populations of this area' as a warlike people who took the heads of their enemies from the battlefield and displayed or preserved them in their settlements. Finds of skulls, some with nails still embedded in the bone, appear to verify such reports. Notwithstanding the recurring theme of conflict, these strands of evidence have never been analysed in tandem to identify the role and representation of warfare during this crucial period of colonial contact between the indigenous populations of the region and the state-level societies of the Mediterranean. The thesis attempts to identify patterns of warfare in the southern French Iron Age through examination of the documentary, settlement, iconographic and osteological evidence for warfare in this region, each within its chronological context and in tandem with one another. The pattern of warfare which emerges from this analysis is then discussed within some of the more promenent models of social-anthropological study to determine the role of warfare in the dramatic socio-political transformations which occur among the indigenous populations of southern France throughout this period.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available