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Title: Computational intelligence techniques in asset risk analysis
Author: Serguieva, Antoaneta
ISNI:       0000 0001 2418 2740
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2004
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The problem of asset risk analysis is positioned within the computational intelligence paradigm. We suggest an algorithm for reformulating asset pricing, which involves incorporating imprecise information into the pricing factors through fuzzy variables as well as a calibration procedure for their possibility distributions. Then fuzzy mathematics is used to process the imprecise factors and obtain an asset evaluation. This evaluation is further automated using neural networks with sign restrictions on their weights. While such type of networks has been only used for up to two network inputs and hypothetical data, here we apply thirty-six inputs and empirical data. To achieve successful training, we modify the Levenberg-Marquart backpropagation algorithm. The intermediate result achieved is that the fuzzy asset evaluation inherits features of the factor imprecision and provides the basis for risk analysis. Next, we formulate a risk measure and a risk robustness measure based on the fuzzy asset evaluation under different characteristics of the pricing factors as well as different calibrations. Our database, extracted from DataStream, includes thirty-five companies traded on the London Stock Exchange. For each company, the risk and robustness measures are evaluated and an asset risk analysis is carried out through these values, indicating the implications they have on company performance. A comparative company risk analysis is also provided. Then, we employ both risk measures to formulate a two-step asset ranking method. The assets are initially rated according to the investors' risk preference. In addition, an algorithm is suggested to incorporate the asset robustness information and refine further the ranking benefiting market analysts. The rationale provided by the ranking technique serves as a point of departure in designing an asset risk classifier. We identify the fuzzy neural network structure of the classifier and develop an evolutionary training algorithm. The algorithm starts with suggesting preliminary heuristics in constructing a sufficient training set of assets with various characteristics revealed by the values of the pricing factors and the asset risk values. Then, the training algorithm works at two levels, the inner level targets weight optimization, while the outer level efficiently guides the exploration of the search space. The latter is achieved by automatically decomposing the training set into subsets of decreasing complexity and then incrementing backward the corresponding subpopulations of partially trained networks. The empirical results prove that the developed algorithm is capable of training the identified fuzzy network structure. This is a problem of such complexity that prevents single-level evolution from attaining meaningful results. The final outcome is an automatic asset classifier, based on the investors’ perceptions of acceptable risk. All the steps described above constitute our approach to reformulating asset risk analysis within the approximate reasoning framework through the fusion of various computational intelligence techniques.
Supervisor: Kalganova, T. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available