Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: The use of a CFBG sensor for detecting damage in composite laminates and adhesively bonded joints
Author: Palaniappan, Jayanthi
ISNI:       0000 0001 3464 6924
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2008
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Reliable in-situ damage detection techniques which can detennine the existence and location of damage in composite materials and structures are critical for the effective use of these materials. In this work, embedded chirped fibre Bragg grating (CFBG) sensors have been shown to be successful for both detection and location of matrix cracks in composite laminates and disbond detection in bonded composite joints. In all the cases, the CFBG reflection spectra were predicted using commercial software and agreed well with the experimental results. In the matrix cracking work, single matrix cracks in cross-ply GFRP (glass' fibre reinforced plastic) laminates were detected and located using a CFBG sensor embedded within the 0° plies, near the 0/90 interface. The CFBG sensor showed an approximately sinusoidal variation of the intensity of the reflected spectrum at the position of the crack, enabling both crack development and crack position to be identified. It was shown that the precise position of the cracks does not correspond with the bottom of a dip in the reflected spectrum, as has previously been thought. Disbond initiation and progression from either end of a composite bonded joint was monitored by embedding the CFBG sensor in one of the GFRP adherends, with the low wavelength end ofthe sensor positioned at the cut end ofthe adherend. A shift in the low wavelength end of the spectrum to lower wavelengths indicated disbond initiation and movement of a perturbation in the reflected spectrum towards higher wavelengths indicated disbond propagation. In a related fashion, disbond initiation and propagation was detected from the high-wavelength end ofthe spectrum (adjacent to the other cut end of the adherend). With the aid of a parametric study based on a closed-form solution for the strain field in the bonded joint (available in the literature), it has been shown that the sensitivity ofthe CFBG sensor in detecting the disbond depends mainly on the position of the sensor within the adherend and the strain distribution in the adherend. Finally, artificial manufacturing defects were introduced into GFRP-GFRP bonded joints using Teflon inserts and it has been demonstrated that the location of the defects is possible using the CFBG technique.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available