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Title: Characterisation and rapid purification of a superconducting charge qubit
Author: Griffith, Elias James
ISNI:       0000 0001 3519 777X
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2007
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The work of this thesis focuses on stochastic methods for the simulation of superconducting charge qubits, also known as Cooper pair boxes, which are promising candidates for large scale quantum information processing. To aid non-physicists, a brief outline of the structure of quantum mechanics is provided using the· Dirac formalism. Using the so called 'Backreaction effect', we consider if any information can be obtained regarding the qubit behaviour, through detecting the changes observed in the frequency spectrum of the coupled biasing circuitry, modelled as a dissipative oscillator circuit. The process of modelling dissipative quantum systems is described, however an alternative approach called 'quantum trajectories' is used rather than the traditional Calderia-Leggett model, as the time evolution of a single 'trajectory' represents the evolution of an individual system coupled to a noisy environment. Through the noise generated by an excited qubit, the energy level structure of the qubit can be probed with a microwave drive field, by observing the noise power within the biasing circuit. We consider a biasing circuit of unusually high resonant frequency which can drive the qubit, this creates frequency splitting features that would not normally be observed. Weak measurement is also examined as this is closely related to the stochastic 'quantum trajectories', where the measurement is recorded by the observer rather than lost to an environment. Weakly measuring a qubit does not completely collapse it and therefore 'quantum feedback' may be employed to alter the qubit controls favourably. In particular we consider the problem of purifying a weakly measured system rapidly; given a qubit in the completely mixed state what is the best feedback to become confident in the actual qubit state quickly. There are two optimal feedback protocols proposed by Jacobs [1] and by Wiseman and Ralph [2] for purifying qubits that have ideal controls. However, we adapt these protocols for the charge qubit, whose finite Hamiltonian resources and non-zero ax tunnelling term means the Bloch vector can not be easily held in the optimal location.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral