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Title: Women's Use of Microfinance in Luribay: Citizenship and Social Inclusion in Bolivia
Author: Maclean, Katie
ISNI:       0000 0001 3615 7120
Awarding Body: University of York
Current Institution: University of York
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis aims to investigate from a feminist perspective whether women in a rural community in Bolivia can use microfinance to negotiate better terms for their citizenship rights. Citizenship frames debates on inclusion and development as Bolivia struggles with the demands ofmarket reform and the imperative to include marginalised citizens. Drawing on participant observation, focus groups and interviews, I consider microfinance as a rural development I strategy and examine whether or not access to credit may provide a 'space for rural Aymaran women to negotiate better terms for their citizenship within a market led development trajectory. My fieldwork took place in the Aymaranspeaking municipality ofLuribay, Bolivia,from February to September 2006. I visited 43 credit groups in 11 different localities in the municipality. Ofthese I focussed on six groups in four different locations. I held two focus groups of nine women in two locations. I then held interviews with 25 ,.women, 12 of whom had also participated in focus group di~cussions. The uses to which women put credit and their concerns regarding investment and debt shed light on different ideas of citizenship and priorities occurring in the mainstream and rural areas. My analysis highlights the importance ofidentity, interdependence and the moral economy to market activity. Cooperation and reciprocity, upheld by 4 . tradition and community norms and Sat{ctjons, make economic activity possible. . Ther~is tension between the competitive demands ofa liberal market and . women's lives in cooperative, land-based, rural communities. Microfinance Institutions' provisiol). of credit may address this tension by recognising 'social collateral' and so, despite beirrg market and production focu~sed,(may be more compatible with the cooperative dynamic ofrural areas. However, the competitive entrepreneurial activity encouraged by the MFI could threaten cooperative, reciprocal relations within the community that are vital to economic activity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available