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Title: Efficacy Beliefs in Sporting Dyads: A Mixed-Methods Approach.
Author: Jackson, Ben Stuart
ISNI:       0000 0001 3587 921X
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2008
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Guided by Lent and Lopez's (2002) theoretical model, this thesis was designed in order to explore the nature of efficacy perceptions in the context of close sporting relationships. In study one, semi-structured interviews were conducted with members of six elite athlete dyads regarding their self-efficacy, other-efficacy, and relation-inferred self-efficacy (RISE) beliefs. Content analysis revealed that efficacy beliefs stemmed from perceptions regarding oneself, one's partner, the dyad, and external factors, and in tum, results showed that self-efficacy, othe~-efficacy, and RISE were inter-related and were associated with key intra-personal and interpersonal consequences. Study Two was subsequently designed to identify the variables associated with efficacy beliefs, this time within six elite coach-athlete partnerships. Antecedents that emerged in Study Two supported as well as supplemented findings from athlete-athlete contexts. Furthermore, athletes' and coaches' efficacy beliefs were independently related to a number of desirable task-related and relatioriship-based outcomes (e.g. motivation and relationship persistence intentions, respectively). In study three, quantitative, cross-sectional data were collected from both members of 60 junior tennis dyads. Actor-Partner Interdependence Models (APIM; Kenny, Kashy, & Cook, 2006) revealed that (a) other-efficacy and RISE were significantly related to self-efficacy, (b) athletes were not accurate in making RISE inferences, (c) individuals were more satisfied with their relationship when they were confident in their partners' capabilities, and (d) athletes' self-efficacy beliefs were predictive of their own and their partners' relationship commitment. Finally, in study four, prospective data were collected with 50 tennis coaches and their athletes. APIM analyses subsequently showed that self-efficacy and other-efficacy were associated with positive outcomes (e.g., relationship commitment, effort) for oneself and one's significant other; however the effects for RISE in study four were generally positive for coaches but negative for athletes. Collectively, these four studies make an important and unique contribution to the extant literature relating to efficacy beliefs and close sporting relationships. Moreover, the novel methodological and analytical approaches highlighted in this thesis (e.g., APIMs) hold significant potential for the future study of relationship dynamics in sport and beyond. Within each of the studies that constitute this thesis, limitations are considered, and findings are discussed in relation to theory advancement, future research directions, and practical implications.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available