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Title: Vortex motion in trapped Bose-Einstein condensates
Author: Madarassy, E. J. M.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3616 0717
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2008
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We have performed numerical simulations of various vortex configurations in a trapped BoseEinstein condensate by solving the two-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation in the presence of a simple model of interaction between the condensate and the finite temperature thermal cloud that surrounds it. In that interaction the non-condensed thermal cloud acts as a source of dissipation with a damping effect of excitations. In the case ora single vortex and a vortex - anti vortex pair, we have found that the path of the vortices depends on the initial position, the initial separation distance if the case of two vortices and dissipation. This motion is periodic and it was found that sound waves are created by vortex motion; the intensity was stronger when the initial vortex separation distance was smaller. We have calculated the sound energy as the difference between the kinetic energy and the vortex energy. With no dissipation the vortices followed the same path with a slight oscillation due to the sound waves. We found that the smaller the initial vortex separation distance do is, the larger the sound production. The period, frequency, translation speed, sound energy and vortex energy were measured for different initial separation distances do and for different dissipation parameters 'Y. In the case of motion of one vortex, the connection between the dissipation 'Y and the friction coefficients, a and a' was studied as well. To create a simple turbulent state, we put eight pairs of vortex - anti vortex at random positions in the condensate with initial separation distance do =1.8 between them. 'Ve have studied the decay rate of the total energy, kinetic energy, quantum energy, trap energy and the z - component of the angular momentum together with the increase rate of the internal energy. Finally, we finished our investigation by putting randomly vortex - anti vortex pairs and studied the decrease of the number of vortices with time t. We found that the decrease is exponential.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available