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Title: Investigation into power minimisation algorithms for behavioural synthesis
Author: Ochoa-Montiel, Marco A.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3454 9403
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2008
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The rapid growth of mobile electronics has led power consumption to be considered as a critical design priority. This necessitates the development of algorithms and design tools that target power minimisation at all levels of the design abstraction. The work presented in this thesis addresses the problem of dynamic power minimisation at behavioural level. A detailed investigation into power reduction algorithms during behavioural synthesis is presented. The research undertaken has produced two novel power-aware algorithms: time constrained scheduling and datapath synthesis. The power-aware time constrained scheduling algorithm selects the clock period and operations throughput such that, power consumption can be reduced by scaling the voltage until the slack of at least one of the design operations is zero. It has been shown that by carefully choosing the clock period and operations throughput, it is possible to produce a set of solutions with different power-area tradeoffs. To demonstrate the efficiency of the new scheduling algorithm in terms of solution quality, scheduling results of various benchmark examples have been included and compared with a multiple supply voltage (MSV) algorithm. It has been shown that the proposed algorithm is capable of obtaining schedules with single supply voltage (SSV) that have identical resource requirements and comparable power consumption to schedules obtained using a MSV algorithm. Using SSV avoids the difficulties of MSV, including area and power overhead due to required level shifters to transfer data between functional units operating at different voltages.. To solve the highly interrelated tasks of behavioural synthesis together with the power minimisation problem, an efficient algorithm for concurrent scheduling, binding, and clock and operation~ throughput selection has been introduced. This represents the second contributioIf of this work. Using a simulated annealing-based optimisation and a compound cost function, the exploration of different power-area tradeoffs is possible. The new scheduling and datapath synthesis algorithms have been incorporated into a power aware behavioural compiler (PABCOM). Synthesis results of various benchmark examples are included to demonstrate the higher solution quality when compared with a power-aware algorithm previously reported. Furthermore, to demonstrate the applicability of PABCOM in dealing with a real life design, two solutions for the motion vector reconstructor from MPEG-l decoder have been implemented using O.12Jlm technology. Power and area values for both solutions have been obtained using the reports generated after logic synthesis with Synplify ASIC and power analysis with PrimePower. The solutions dissipate 31% and 42% less power than if they were operated at the maximum supply voltage of the library components.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available