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Title: Dealing with the 'Mouse that Roared'? President Clinton's Foreign Policy towards North Korea
Author: Kim, Jane
ISNI:       0000 0001 3599 3311
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: The University of Essex pre-October 2008
Date of Award: 2008
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President Clinton's North Korea policy showed a change from conflict early in his presidency to cooperation towards the end of his administration. Why did this happen? By using the diplomatic history method, two hypotheses can explain this change: the incorporation of the Democratic Peace Thesis into US foreign policy and Congress's leadership in the policy-making process. The Democratic Peace Thesis states that it is less likely for a democracy to go to war than a non-democracy; therefore, the world should have more democracies. The USA can incorporate the Democratic Peace Thesis into its foreign policy and push for these transitions to happen. North Korea is not a democracy and was also trying to become an aggressive nuclear power. Clinton started to incofPorate more of the monadic version of the Democratic Peace Thesis into his policies; a democratic country does not go to war because the norms and values of a democracy make it inherently more peaceful. It . would try to use engagement methods like eco,'!omic incentives and discussions with North Korea. The presidential documents leading, up to the Agreed Framework show how Clinton eventually embraced the monadic version of the Democratic Peace Thesis. After the Agreed Framework, the documents showed how Clinton fully incorporated the Democratic Peace Thesis into his North Korean policy. Many congressmen did not like that the Agreed Framework was to be the basis for the USA's North Korea policy. The congressional documents show that Congress was less willing to accept presidential policy. After the Agreed Framewor~, Congress limited funding to KEDO. It also reasserted itself in non-security matters such as drug tr.afficking, food aid, and MIAs. The documents show that Clinton acquiesced to CC?ngress and carried out an overhaul of America's policy towards North Korea. The subsequent Perry Report led to the final stage of Clinton's North Korea policy. With the support of Congress,Clinton continued to peacefully engage North Korea, and the USA reduced economic sanctions against the state. Bilateral exchanges of officials continued to decrease tensions, but the debacle of the 2000 US presidential election abruptly ended Clinton's foreign poJicy towards North Korea.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available