Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Determination of the philicity of the aryl radical
Author: Kirsop, Peter James
ISNI:       0000 0001 3600 4706
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2007
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
Radicals, like other functional groups, may be classed as nucleophiles or electrophiles depending upon their character. Much has been done in the past to determine the· nucleophilicity or electrophilicity of a wide ra~ge of radicals, but it .. does not appear that the philicity ofthe aryl radical has yet been determined. A competitive cyclisation of an aryl radical to one of two alkyl chains containing olefins ofdiffering electron density was undertaken to determine aryl radical philicity. Prior to cyclisation, synthesis of the precursors was required, starting from simple commercially available aromatic compounds. A wide range of allyloxy aromatic compounds with different substituents on the two olefins was synthesised. In the course of the required multi-step synthesis many previously unreported compounds were isolated and fully characterised, including crystal X-ray diffraction studies where crystals were obtained. To investigate the effects of different electron density in the aryl ring a further range of competitive cyclisation precursors were synthesised with an ester group para to the site where the aryl radical is formed. Studies into the synthesis of a competitive cyclisation precursor with olefin bearing side chains with no heteroatom were also undertaken. The procedure for the cyclisation reactions and subsequent work-up was optimised under both conventional and microwave methodology. Analysis of the products was performed using both quantitative and qualitative analytical techniques. Quantitative analysis was performed using gas chromatography, IH NMR spectroscopy with an internal standard and isolation of products. Qualitative analysis was performed using both ID and 2D NMR spectroscopy. Analysis of the results of the competitive cyclisation reactions show beyond reasonable doubt that the aryl radical is nucleophilic in character.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Free radicals (Chemistry)