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Title: Being, doing and accepting: goals and identity in the process of enmeshment in chronic pain
Author: Fogg, Alison Rhoda
ISNI:       0000 0001 3471 7403
Awarding Body: The University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2007
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accordance with self-discrepancy theory (SDT; Higgins, 1987), discrepancies between the perceived actual (current) and hoped-for selves have been confIrmed to predict occurrence of depression in individuals with CPo In addition two previous doctoral studies have provided support for the schema enmeshment model (Pincus & Morley, 2001), fInding that the degreeto which a person felt their hoped-for (futl:JIe) selfwas contingent on paID (enmeshed) accounted for additional variance of depression's~ore.This study aimed to replicate this previous fmding using a novel endorsement method and aimed to further clarify the key role ofidentity in the process of enmeshment. The hierarchical goal model ofCarver and Scheier (1998) distinguishes between abstract (principle) and practical (program) levels ofthe self. By making this , distinction, it was hoped direction of the process ofenmeshment would be better understood, --with implications for developing more precise and testable psychological (cognitivebehavioural) treatments for people in CPo 79 individuals were asked to endorse characteristics at the principle level for their actual and hoped-for selves, and generate programs corresponding to their most salient hoped~for selves. Conditionality ratings (enmeshmen~) we~e taken for all hoped-for characteristics at both principle and program levels. Measures of depression, disability and -acceptance were also taken as measures of adjustment. , . Actual/hoped-for discrepancy was found to be a predictor of depression. However . neither enmeshment at the principle or program level was found to contribute to depression score. Enmeshment at the program level was found to contribute signifIcantly to acceptance score however. As enmeshinent correlated significantly with outcome measures, it is thought . that the novel endorsement method failed to pick up the relationship between enmeshment and depression. The results however are understood as demonstrating the important role of the program level in the process of enmeshme;nt. This fIts .with theory of acceptance which is linked to effective adaptation in CP. Implications for future study and the need for additional research is discussed. ./
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available