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Title: The use of the lattice Boltzmann method in thrombosis modelling
Author: Harrison, Sarah Elinor
ISNI:       0000 0001 3539 9726
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2007
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The effects of thrombosis greatly contribute to the incidence of mortality in the Western World. Understanding thrombosis is therefore crucial in providing the correct treatment for the underlying pathologies. Numerical methods have previously been used to investigate various factors associated with thrombosis, usually starting from solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations. This thesis presents the development and implementation of models of thrombosis using the lattice Boltzmann method, which is a relatively new technique for simulating fluid dynamics. The advantages and disadvantages of this methodology are critically reviewed and two major pathologies, atherosclerosis and deep vein thrombosis have been chosen to demonstrate principles of the application. The first part of the work concentrates on the simulation of flow and clotting in idealised stenotic occlusions representative of the geometry and flow conditions in a diseased human femoral artery. Simulations of unsteady flow are reported and comparisons are made to previous flow visualisation studies. Stability issues regarding the diffusion algorithm are investigated in detail. In the first instance, clotting is simulated with the use of an aging model with extensions including proximity and shear stress. Comparisons are made with experimental results obtained using milk as a blood analogue. )'he second part of the work focuses on increasing the complexity of the models to incorporate the representations of the actions and distribution of the platelets, proteins and enzymes involved in the coagulation cascade. The models are tested in 2D geometries to demonstrate their functionality. As an example of this work, a model of deep vein thrombosis was developed, based on a hypothesis supported by the clinical literature. The foundations laid in this project allow for future developments, which will incorporate further details of thrombotic processes, in the hope that a valuable predictor of thrombosis can be developed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available