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Title: The Kyoto Protoco and emissions trading in the United Kingdom, 1997-1999: a study in policy transfer
Author: Lawrence, Anna
ISNI:       0000 0001 3605 9096
Awarding Body: Keele University
Current Institution: Keele University
Date of Award: 2007
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Article 17 of the Kyoto Protocol embodies the ground-breaking international emissions trading mechanism. The United Kingdom's greenhouse gas emission trading system is the world's first national scheme. Yet few studies of UK climate policy literature by examining the transfer of emissions trading from the Kyoto Protocol in the development of UK emissions trading during the period 1997-1999.The thesis enhances the significance of policy transfer by highlighting a relationship between transfer and regime implementation~ 1he former can aid the latter, for a regime's norms can be implemented at the. national level via transfer and in this way they become effective. The thesis challenges the traditional view that an international regime must be coercive, ratified ~nd endowed with a compliance mechanism in order for states to implement its provisions. The Kyoto Protocol does not oblige states to implement emissions trading schemes and, during the period 1997-1999, it had not entered into force and the details of its compliance mechanism were unknown, but yet the treaty's trading instrument was having an impact on UK climqte policy. The thesis examines the agenda-setting, formulation and decision stages of UK climate policy-making in order to illustrate how and why emissions trading was transferred from the Kyoto Protocol. The thesis argues that ArtiCle 17 generated international pressures (in the form of 'consensus' and 'image') for states to gain experience of trading, which created a perception in the UK that it was necessary to have a domestic scheme and led to the transfer of the trading instrument.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Keele University, 2007 Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available