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Title: Parenteral fluid therapy studies in the dog
Author: Clark, Alexander McKechnie
ISNI:       0000 0001 3552 3010
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1978
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The subject of this thesis has been an investigation of body fluid imbalances arising from spontaneous disease that occur in the dog. The range of diseases that can give rise to body fluid balance disturbance is extensive and examples are intestinal foreign body, pyometritis and hypovolaemic circulatory failure. A detailed study of the benefits of both central venous pressure and peripheral venous pressure measurements gave an indication that these had little if any value in clinical studies in the dog. One parameter that proved to be valuable was the monitoring of the output of urine, since it was found that once adequate replacement infusion had been administered, the urinary output returned to normal. An experimental study of the effects of different rates of fluid infusion on vital functions such as urine output, venous pressures and respiratory gas exchange was conducted and the effects of overinfusion were observed in the dog. This study indicates the rate and volume of fluid infusion that may be employed in the dog and reports on the value of the use of urine output as a practical method of monitoring the adequacy of infusion and prevention of overinfusion. A preliminary survey of the use made by general practitioners of parenteral fluid therapy revealed that although most claimed to practise such treatment, few cases were treated. A large series of clinical cases were investigated to determine their fluid and electrolyte status and to institute care and therapy. The results have been quantified where possible and a considerable/ considerable improvement in both survival rate and in the rate of recovery of cases was observed. The methods of fluid administration in the dog were closely studied and successful designs of equipment selected and recommended for routine use, A list of fluids for infusion was also discussed. This study was intentionally clinical since it was designed to promote the use of parenteral fluid therapy in general veterinary practice.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Veterinary sciences & veterinary medicine