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Title: Nonlinear control of an industrial robot
Author: Gilbert, James Michael
ISNI:       0000 0001 2451 8208
Awarding Body: University of Hull
Current Institution: University of Hull
Date of Award: 1989
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The precise control of a robot manipulator travelling at high speed constitutes a major research challenge. This is due to the nonlinear nature of the dynamics of the arm which make many traditional, linear control methodologies inappropriate. An alternative approach is to adopt controllers which are themselves nonlinear. Variable structure control systems provide the possibility of imposing dynamic characteristics upon a poorly modelled and time varying system by means of a discontinuous control signal. The basic algorithm overcomes some nonlinear effects but is sensitive to Coulomb friction andactuator saturation. By augmenting this controller with compensation terms, these effects may largely be eliminated. In order to investigate these ideas, a number of variable structure control systems ~re applied to a low cost industrial robot having a highly nonlinear and flexible drive system. By a combination of hardware enhancements and control system developments, an improvement in speed by a factor of approximately three was achieved while the trajectory tracking accuracy was improved by a factor of ten, compared with the manufacturer's control system. In order to achieve these improvements, it was necessary to develop a dynamic model of the arm including the effects of drive system flexibility and nonlinearities. The development of this model is reported in this thesis, as is work carried out on a comparison of numerical algorithms for the solution of differential equations with discontinuous right hand sides, required in the computer aided design of variable structure control systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Science and Engineering Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Electronic engineering