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Title: Perturbative and non-perturbative studies in low dimensional quantum field theory
Author: Lishman, Anna Rebecca
ISNI:       0000 0001 3610 8951
Awarding Body: Durham University
Current Institution: Durham University
Date of Award: 2007
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A relevant perturbation of a conformal field theory (CFT) on the half-plane, by both a bulk and boundary operator, often leads to a massive theory with a particle description in terms of the bulk S-matrix and boundary reflection factor R. The link between the particle basis and the CFT in the bulk is usually made with the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz effective central charge C(_eff). This allows a conjectured S-matrix to be identified with a specific perturbed CFT. Less is known about the links between the reflection factors and conformal boundary conditions, but it has been proposed that an exact, off-critical version of Affleck and Ludwig's g-function could be used, analogously to C(_eff), to identify the physically realised reflection factors and to match them with the corresponding boundary conditions. In the first part of this thesis, this exact g-function is tested for the purely elastic scattering theories related to the ADET Lie algebras. Minimal reflection factors are given, and a method to incorporate a boundary parameter is proposed. This enables the prediction of several new flows between conformal boundary conditions to be made. The second part of this thesis concerns the three-parameter family of PT-symmetric Hamiltonians H(M,o,1) = p(^2) – (ix) (^2M) – α(ix) The positions where the eigenvalues merge and become complex correspond to quadratic and cubic exceptional points. The quasi-exact solvability of the models for M = 3 is exploited to exploreaway from M = 3 is investigated using both numerical and perturbative approaches.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available