Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.472017
Title: Attitudes towards science : the design, construction, validation and use of an attitude scale
Author: Selmes, Cyril
ISNI:       0000 0001 3393 5206
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 1971
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Abstract:
The main purpose of the research was the production of an attitude scale which would yield a measure of an attitude towards science. It was also intended to use the scale to compare the attitudes of sixth-formers who had followed Nuffield courses with those who had not. A list of statements, which referred to science, scientific method and the work of scientists, formed a provisional questionnaire which was presented to two groups of sixth-formers and to two groups of postgraduate education students. This questionnaire was scored by the Likert method and high-scoring and low-scoring groups were chosen from both the sixth-form and the postgraduate samples. Item analysis was performed by t-testing the differences in mean scores of the high-scoring and low-scoring groups, and this led to the selection of 56 items to form a summated attitude scale composed of four parts. Scores on this attitude scale were used to compare science, mixed and arts students in the sixth-form sample: analysis of variance by the method of un-weighted means showed the presence of significant differences in mean scores. These results were confirmed by repeating the testing and analysis on a new sixth-form group, which was also used to obtain measures of validation, Comparison of mean scores between the various disciplines of the postgraduate students showed no significant differences: this was confirmed by testing another group of postgraduates. Reliability measures were obtained for all groups by using the split-half technique: the test-retest technique was used with the final group of postgraduates. Further validation studies were completed by comparing the mean scores of the postgraduate/scientists with those of research scientists and Fellows of the Royal Society. Comparison of the mean scores of Nuffield and non-Nuffield biology students (sixth-formers) showed no significant differences.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.472017  DOI: Not available
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